Дневне архиве: 1. новембра 2020.

Engleski jezik IV3 – obaveštenje u vezi usmenog ocenjivanja

Učenici koji dolaze u školu na nastavu za sledeći čas u petak 06.11. treba da nauče za usmeno ocenjivanje čitanje i prevod lekcije Sports superstitions i reči koje su vezane za sport na stranama 84 i 85 u udžbeniku. Na času ću pregledati i da li imate redovno napisane lekcije u svesci i zadatke u udžbeniku i radnoj svesci od početka školske godine. Jedan deo učenika uopšte nema sveske i udžbenike.

Isto ovo gradivo ću pitati usmeno i drugu grupu koja dolazi u školu sledeće sedmice.

Učenici koji prate nastavu onlajn treba da dođu na čas da bi uradili kontrolni zadatak. Takođe ima neocenjenih učenika koji ne dolaze na časove a nisu samo na onlajn nastavi.

Pozdrav,

Ružica

IV 2 Wishes and hypotheses 10 ČAS

 

Wishes and hypotheses

Level: intermediate

Wishes

We use the verb wish or the phrase if only to talk about things which we want but which are not possible:

I wish I could see you next week.
If only we could stop for a drink.
I wish we had a bigger house.
They are always busy. If only they had more time.
John was very lazy at school. Now he wishes he had worked harder.

We use wish and if only with past tense forms:

  • We use past tense modals would and could to talk about wishes for the future:

I don’t like my work. I wish I could get a better job.
That’s a dreadful noise. I wish it would stop.
I always have to get home early. If only my parents would let me stay out later.

I don’t like this place. I wish I lived somewhere more interesting.
These seats are very uncomfortable. I wish we were travelling first class.
I wish I was taller.
John wishes he wasn’t so busy.
I’m freezing. If only it wasn’t so cold.

  • After I/he/she/it, we can use were instead of was:

I wish I was/were taller.
John wishes he wasn’t/weren’t so busy.
I’m freezing. If only it wasn’t/weren’t so cold.

  • We use the past perfect to talk about wishes for the past:

I wish I had worked harder when I was at school.
Mary wishes she had listened to what her mother told her.
I wish I hadn’t spent so much money last month.

Hypotheses (things we imagine)

Expressions

When we are talking about hypotheses, we use expressions like:

what if … ? in case suppose (that) supposing (that) imagine (if/that)

We use these expressions:

We should phone them in case they are lost.
Those steps are dangerous. Suppose someone has an accident.

Imagine you won the lottery. What would you do with the money?
What if he lost his job? What would happen then?

  • with the past perfect to talk about things in the past which did not happen:

Suppose you hadn’t passed your exams. What would you have done?
What if he had lost his job? What would his wife have said?

Modal verbs

We use modals would and could for a hypothesis about the present or future:

We can’t all stay in a hotel. It would be very expensive.
Drive carefully or you could have an accident.

We use would in the main clause and the past tense in a subordinate clause for a hypothesis about the present or future:

I would always help someone who really needed help.
I would always help someone if they really needed it.

We use modals with have to talk about something that did not happen in the past:

I didn’t see Mary, or I might have spoken to her.
It’s a pity Jack wasn’t at the party. He would have enjoyed it.
Why didn’t you ask me? I could have told you the answer.

We use would have in the main clause and the past perfect in a subordinate clause to talk about something that did not happen in the past:

I would have helped anyone who had asked me.
I would have helped you if you had asked me.

 

 

IV 2/Conditionals/9 ČAS

Conditionals

Look at these examples to see how zero, first and second conditionals are used.

If you freeze water, it becomes solid.
If it rains tomorrow, I’ll take the car.
If I lived closer to the cinema, I would go more often.

Grammar explanation

Conditionals describe the result of a certain condition. The if clause tells you the condition (If you study hard) and the main clause tells you the result (you will pass your exams). The order of the clauses does not change the meaning.

If you study hard, you will pass your exams.
You will pass your exams if you study hard.

Conditional sentences are often divided into different types.

Zero conditional

We use the zero conditional to talk about things that are generally true, especially for laws and rules.

If I drink too much coffee, I can’t sleep at night.
Ice melts if you heat it.
When the sun goes down, it gets dark.

The structure is: if/when + present simple >> present simple.

First conditional

We use the first conditional when we talk about future situations we believe are real or possible.

If it doesn’t rain tomorrow, we’ll go to the beach.
Arsenal will be top of the league if they win.
When I finish work, I’ll call you.

In first conditional sentences, the structure is usually: if/when + present simple >> will + infinitive.

It is also common to use this structure with unlessas long as, as soon as or in case instead of if.

I’ll leave as soon as the babysitter arrives.
I don’t want to stay in London unless I get a well-paid job.
I’ll give you a key in case I’m not at home.
You can go to the party, as long as you’re back by midnight.

Second conditional

The second conditional is used to imagine present or future situations that are impossible or unlikely in reality.

If we had a garden, we could have a cat.
If I won a lot of money, I’d buy a big house in the country.
I wouldn’t worry if I were you.

The structure is usually: if + past simple >> + would + infinitive.

When if is followed by the verb be, it is grammatically correct to say if I wereif he wereif she were and if it were. However, it is also common to hear these structures with was, especially in the he/she form.

If I were you, I wouldn’t mention it.
If she was prime minister, she would invest more money in schools.
He would travel more if he was younger.

Look at these examples to see how third and mixed conditionals are used.

We would have walked to the top of the mountain if the weather hadn’t been so bad.
If we’d moved to Scotland when I was a child, I would have a Scottish accent now.
If she was really my friend, she wouldn’t have lied to me.

Zero, first and second conditionals

Third Conditional

Атлетика: Техника ниског старта

Поздрав за све. На претходним часовима радили смо вежбе за унапређење технике спринтерског трчања, а сада комплетирамо технику трчања на кратке стазе учењем ниског старта, који се користи у спринтерском трчању. Три команде за ниски старт које сви кеје би сви ученици требало да науче су: на своја места, позор (припрема) и старт.

У наставку текста вам постављам вежбе са часа које су рађене, или ће се радити, као и снимке који вам могу бити од користи приликом учења технике и вежбања.

За било каква питања, недоумице, савете, слободно ме контактирајте.

Маркетинг у туризму и угоститељству – III4

Дрaги учeници,

Наставна јединица коју смо учили у петак, 30.10. је:

Стратегија диференцирања туристичког производа

Достављам вам и презентацију:

30.10. Стратегија диференцирања туристичког производа

Уколико имате било каква питања слободно питајте. Мој e-mail је: dalmariczlatibor@gmail.com

Поздрав,

Давид Марић.

Предузетништво (вежбе) – III2,3

Дрaги учeници,

Наставне јединице које смо учили у петак 30.10. су:

Бизнис план;

Структура бизнис плана

Достављам вам презентацију:

30.10. Бизнис план; Структура бизнис плана

Уколико имате било каква питања слободно питајте. Мој e-mail је: dalmariczlatibor@gmail.com

Поздрав,